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THE GENERAL EPISTLE OF 

BARNABAS 



Barnabas was a companion and fellow-preacher with Paul. This Epistle lays a greater claim to 
canonical authority than most others. It has been cited by Clemens, Alexandrinus, Origen, Eu - 
sebius, and Jerome, and many ancient Fathers. Cotelerius affirms that Origen and Jerome es- 
teemed it genuine and canonical; but Cotelerius himself did not believe it to be either one or 
the other; on the contrary, he supposes it was written for the benefit of the Ebionites, (the 
christianized Jews,) who were tenacious of rites and ceremonies. Bishop Fell feared to own ex- 
pressly what he seemed to be persuaded of, that it ought to be treated with the same respect as 
several of the books of the present canon. Dr. Bernard, Savilian professor at Oxford, not only 
believed it to be genuine, but that it was read throughout in the churches of Alexandria, as the 
canonical Scriptures were. Dodwell supposed it to have been published before the Epistle of 
Jude, and the writings of both the Johns. Vossius, Dupuis, Dr. Cane, Dr. Mill, Dr, S . Clark, 
Whitson, and Archbishop Wake also esteemed it genuine: Menardus, Archbishop Eand, Span- 
heim, and others deemed it apocryphal. 



CHAPTER I. 

Preface to the Epistle. 
ALL happiness to you my sons and 
daughters, in the name of our Lord 
Jesus Christ, who loved us, in peace. 

2 Having perceived abundance of 
knowledge of the great and excellent 
laws of God to be in you, I exceed- 
ingly rejoice in your blessed and ad- 
mirable souls, because ye have so 
worthily received the grace which 
was grafted in you. 

3 For which cause I am full of joy, 
hoping the rather to be saved; inas- 
much as I truly see a spirit infused 
into you, from the pure fountain of 
God: 

4 Having this persuasion, and being 
fully convinced thereof, because that 
since I have begun to speak unto 
you, I have had a more than ordinary 
good success in the way of the law 
of the Lord, which is in Christ, 

5 For which cause brethren, I also 
think verily that I love you above my 
own soul; because that therein dwell- 
eth the greatness of faith and char- 
ity, as also the hope of that life 
which is to come. 



6 Wherefore considering this, that 
if I shall take care to communicate 
to you a part of what I have re- 
ceived, it shall turn to my reward, 
that I have served such good souls. I 
gave diligence to write in a few 
words unto you; that together with 
your faith, your knowledge also may 
be perfect. 

7 There are therefore three things 
ordained by the Lord; the hope of 
life, the beginning, and the comple- 
tion of it. 

8 For the Lord hath both declared 
unto us, by the prophets, those 
things that are past; and opened to 
us the beginnings of those that are 
to come. 

9 Wherefore, it will behove us, as he 
has spoken, to come more holily, and 
nearer to his altar. 

10 I therefore, not as a teacher but 
as one of you, will endeavour to lay 
before you a few things by which you 
may, on many accounts, become the 
more joyful. 

CHAPTER II. 

That God has abolished the legal sacri- 



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BARNABAS 



fices, to introduce the spiritual righteous- 
ness of the Gospel. 

SEEING then the days are exceed- 
ingly evil, and the adversary has got 
the power of this present world we 
ought to give the more diligence to 
inquire into the righteous judgments 
of the Lord. 

2 Now the assistants of our faith 
are fear and patience; our fel- 
low-combatants, long suffering and 
continence. 

3 Whilst these remain pure in what 
relates unto the Lord, wisdom, and 
understanding, and science, and 
knowledge, rejoice together with 
them. 

4 For God has manifested to us by 
all the prophets, that he has no occa- 
sion for our sacrifices, or burnt-of- 
ferings, or oblations: saying thus; To 
what purpose is the multitude of 
your sacrifices unto me, saith the 
Lord. 

5 I am full of the burnt-offerings 
of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; 
and I delight not in the blood of 
bullocks, or of he-goats. 

6 When ye come to appear before 
me, who hath required this at your 
hands? Ye shall no more tread my 
courts. 

7 Bring no more vain oblations, in- 
cense is an abomination unto me 
your new moons and sabbaths, and 
the calling of assemblies I cannot 
bear with, it is iniquity, even the sol- 
emn meeting; your new moons and 
your appointed feasts my soul hat- 
eth. 

8 These things therefore hath God 
abolished, that the new law of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, which is without 
the yoke of any such necessity, might 
have the spiritual offering of, men 
themselves. 

9 For so the Lord saith again to 
those heretofore; Did I at all com- 



mand your fathers when they came 
out of the land of Egypt concerning 
burnt-offerings of sacrifices? 

10 But this I commanded them, say- 
ing, Let none of you imagine evil in 
your hearts against his neighbour, 
and love no false oath. 

11 Forasmuch then as we are not 
without understanding, we ought to 
apprehend the design of our merci- 
ful Father. For he speaks to us, being 
willing that we who have been in the 
same error about the sacrifices, 
should seek and find how to ap- 
proach unto him. 

12 And therefore he thus bespeaks 
us, The sacrifice of God (is a broken 
spirit,) a broken and contrite heart — 
God will not despise. 

13 Wherefore brethren, we ought 
the more diligently to inquire after 
those things that belong to our sal- 
vation, that the adversary may not 
have any entrance into us, and de- 
prive us of our spiritual life. 

14 Wherefore he again speaketh to 
them, concerning these things; Ye 
shall not fast as ye do this day, to 
make your voice to be heard on high. 

15 Is it such a fast that I have 
chosen? A day for a man to afflict 
his soul? Is it to bow down his head 
like a bulrush, and to spread sack- 
cloth and ashes under him? Wilt 
thou call this a fast, and an accept- 
able day to the Lord? 

16 But to us he saith on this wise: Is 
not this the fast that I have chosen, 
to loose the bands of wickedness, to 
undo the heavy burdens, and to let 
the oppressed go free: and that ye 
break every yoke? 

17 Is it not to deal thy bread to the 
hungry, and that thou bring the poor 
that are cast out to thy house? When 
thou seest the naked that thou cover 
him, and that thou hide not thyself 
from thy own flesh. 



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18 Then shall thy light break forth 
as the morning, and thy health shall 
spring forth speedily; and thy right- 
eousness shall go before thee; the 
glory of the Lord shall be thy re- 
ward. 

19 Then shalt thou call and the Lord 
shall answer; thou shalt cry and he 
shall say, Here I am; if thou put 
away from the midst of thee the 
yoke; the putting forth of the finger, 
and speaking vanity; and if thou 
draw out thy soul to the hungry; and 
satisfy the afflicted soul. 

20 In this, therefore, brethren, God 
has manifested his foreknowledge 
and love for us; because the people 
which he has purchased to his be- 
loved Son were to believe in sincer- 
ity; and therefore he has shown these 
things to all of us, that we should 
not run as proselytes to the Jewish 
Law. 

CHAPTER III. 

The prophecies of Daniel concerning the 
ten kings, and the coming of Christ. 

WHEREFORE it is necessary that 
searching diligently into those things 
which are soon to come to pass, we 
should write to you what may serve 
to keep you whole. 

2 To which end, let us flee from 
every evil work and hate the errors 
of the present time, that we may be 
happy in that which is to come. 

3 Let us not give ourselves the 
liberty of disputing with the wicked 
and sinners; lest we should chance in 
time to become like unto them. 

4 For the consummation of sin is 
come, as it is written, as the prophet 
Daniel says. And for this end the 
Lord hath shortened the times and 
the days, that his beloved might 
hasten his corning to his inheritance. 

5 For so the prophet speaks; There 
shall ten kings reign in the heart, 



and there shall rise last of all anoth- 
er little one, and he shall humble 
three kings. 

6 And again Daniel speaks in like 
manner concerning the kingdoms; 
and I saw the fourth beast dreadful 
and terrible, and strong exceedingly; 
and it had ten horns. I considered 
the horns, and behold there came up 
among them another little horn, be- 
fore which were three of the first 
horns plucked up by the roots. 

7 We ought therefore to understand 
this also: And I beseech you, as one 
of your own brethren, loving you all 
beyond my own life, that you look 
well to yourselves, and be not like to 
those who add sin to sin, and say; 
That their covenant is ours also. Nay, 
but it is ours only: for they have 
forever lost that which Moses re- 
ceived. 

8 For thus saith the Scripture: And 
Moses continued fasting forty days 
and forty nights in the Mount; and 
he received the covenant from the 
Lord, even the two tables of stone, 
written by the hand of God. 

9 But having turned themselves to 
idols they lost it; as the Lord also 
said to Moses; Moses, go down 
quickly, for thy people which thou 
hast brought forth out of Egypt, 
have corrupted themselves, and 
turned aside from the way which I 
commanded them. And Moses cast 
the two tables out of his hands; and 
their covenant was broken; that the 
love of Jesus might be sealed in your 
hearts, unto the hope of his faith. 

10 Wherefore let us give heed unto 
the last times. For all the time past 
of our life and our faith, will profit 
us nothing; unless we continue to 
hate what is evil, and to withstand 
the future temptations. So the Son 
of God tells us; Let us resist all 
iniquity and hate it. 



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BARNABAS 



11 Wherefore consider the works of 
the evil way. Do not withdraw 
yourselves from others as if you 
were already justified; but coming al- 
together into one place, inquire what 
is agreeable to and profitable for the 
beloved of God. For the Scripture 
saith; Woe unto them that are wise in 
their own eyes; and prudent in their 
sight. 

12 Let us become spiritually a per- 
fect temple to God. As much as in us 
lies let us meditate upon the fear of 
God; and strive to the utmost of our 
power to keep his commandments; 
that we may rejoice in his righteous 
judgments. 

13 For God will judge the world 
without respect of persons and 
everyone shall receive according to 
his works. 

14 If a man shall be good, his right- 
eousness shall go before him if 
wicked, the reward of his wickedness 
shall follow him. 

15 Take heed therefore lest sitting 
still now, that when we are called, we 
fall asleep in our sins; and the 
wicked one getting the dominion 
over us, stir us up, and shut us out 
of the kingdom of the Lord. 

16 Consider this also: although you 
have seen so great signs and wonders 
done among the people of the Jews, 
yet this notwithstanding the Lord 
hath forsaken them. 

17 Beware, therefore, lest it happen 
to us; as it is written: There may be 
many called, but few chosen. 

CHAPTER IV. 

That Christ was to suffer is proved from 
the prophecies concerning him. 
FOR this cause did our Lord vouch- 
safe to give up his body to destruc- 
tion, that through the forgiveness of 
our sins we might be sanctified; that 
is, by the sprinkling of his blood. 



2 Now for what concerns the things 
that are written about him, some be- 
long to the people of the Jews, and 
some to us. 

3 For thus saith the Scripture; He 
was wounded for our transgressions, 
he was bruised for our iniquities, and 
by his blood we are healed. He was 
led as a lamb to the slaughter, and as 
a sheep before his shearers is dumb, 
so he opened not his mouth. 

4 Wherefore we ought the more to 
give thanks unto God, for that he 
hath both declared unto us what is 
passed, and not suffered us to be 
without understanding of those 
things that are to come. 

5 But to them he saith; The nets are 
not unjustly spread for the birds. 

6 This he spake, because a man will 
justly perish, if having the know- 
ledge of the way of truth, he shall 
nevertheless not refrain himself 
from the way of darkness. 

7 And for this cause the Lord was 
content to suffer for our souls, al- 
though he be the Lord of the whole 
earth; to whom God said before the 
beginning of the world, Let us make 
man after our own image and like- 
ness. 

8 Now how he suffered for us, see- 
ing it was by men that he underwent 
it, I will shew you. 

9 The prophets having received 
from him the gifts of prophecy, 
spake before concerning him: 

10 But he, that he might abolish 
death, and make known the resurrec- 
tion from the dead, was content, as 
it was necessary, to appear in the 
flesh, that he might make good the 
promise before given to our fathers, 
and preparing himself a new people, 
might demonstrate to them whilst he 
was upon earth, that after the resur- 
rection he would judge the world. 

11 And finally, teaching the people 



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BARNABAS 



of Israel, and doing many wonders 
and signs among them, he preached 
to them, and shewed the exceeding 
great love which he bare towards 
them. 

12 And when he chose his apostles, 
which were afterwards to publish his 
Gospel, he took men who had been 
very great sinners; that thereby he 
might plainly shew That he came not 
to call the righteous but sinners to 
repentance. 

13 Then he clearly manifested him- 
self to be the Son of God. For had 
he not come in the flesh, how should 
men have been able to look upon 
him, that they might be saved? 

14 Seeing that if they beheld only 
the sun, which was the work of his 
hands, and shall hereafter cease to 
be, they are not able to endure sted- 
fastly to look against the rays of it; 

15 Wherefore the Son of God came 
in the flesh for this cause, that he 
might fill up the measure of their 
iniquity, who have persecuted his 
prophets unto death. And for the 
same reason also he suffered. 

16 For God hath said of the stripes 
of his flesh, that they were from 
them. And, I will smite the shep- 
herd, and the sheep of the flock 
shall be scattered. 

17 Thus he would suffer, because it 
behoved him to suffer upon the 
cross. 

18 For thus one saith, prophesying 
concerning him; Spare my soul from 
the sword. And again, My flesh 
trembleth for fear. 

19 And again, the congregation of 
wicked doers rose up against me, 
(They have pierced my hands and my 
feet). 

20 And again he saith, I gave my 
back to the smiters, and my face I 
set as a hard rock. 



CHAPTER V. 

The subject continued. 
AND when he had fulfilled the 
commandment of God, What says 
he? Who will contend with me? Let 
him stand against me or who is he 
that will implead me? Let him draw 
near to the servant of the Lord. Woe 
be to you! Because ye shall all wax 
old as a garment, the moth shall eat 
you up. 

2 And again adds the prophet, He is 
put for a stone of stumbling. Behold 
I lay in Zion for a foundation, a pre- 
cious stone a choice corner-stone; an 
honourable stone. And what follows? 
And he that hopeth in him shall live 
for ever. 

3 What then? Is our hope built upon 
a stone? God forbid. But because the 
Lord hath hardened his flesh against 
sufferings, he saith, I have put me as 
a firm rock. 

4 And again the prophet adds; The 
stone which the builders refused has 
become the head of the corner. And 
again he saith This is the great and 
wonderful day which the Lord hath 
made. I write these things the more 
plainly to you that ye may under- 
stand: I For indeed I could be con- 
tent even to die for your sakes. 

5 But what saith the prophet again; 
The counsel of the wicked encom- 
passed me about. They came about 
me, as bees about the honey-comb: 
and, Upon my vesture they cast lots. 

6 Forasmuch then as our Saviour 
was to appear in the flesh and suffer, 
his passion was hereby foretold. 

7 For thus saith the prophet against 
Israel: "Woe be to their soul because 
they have taken wicked counsel 
against themselves, saying; let us lay 
snares for the righteous, because he 
is unprofitable to us." 

8 Moses also in like manner speak- 
eth to them; Behold thus saith the 



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BARNABAS 



Lord God; Enter ye into the good 
land of which the Lord hath sworn 
to Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, 
that he would give it you, and pos- 
sess it; a land flowing with milk and 
honey. 

9 Now what the spiritual meaning 
of this is, learn; It is as if it had 
been said, Put your trust in Jesus, 
who shall be manifested to you in 
the flesh. For man is the earth which 
suffers: forasmuch as out of the sub- 
stance of the earth Adam was 
formed. 

10 What therefore does he mean 
when he says, Into a good land flow- 
ing with milk and honey? Blessed be 
our Lord, who has given us wisdom, 
and a heart to understand his secrets. 
For so says the prophet, "Who shall 
understand the hard sayings of the 
Lord? But he that is wise, and intelli- 
gent, and that loves his Lord." 

11 Seeing therefore he has renewed 
us by the remission of our sins, he 
has put us into another frame, that 
we should have souls like those of 
children, forming us again himself 
by the spirit. 

12 For thus the Scripture saith con- 
cerning us, where it introduceth the 
Father speaking to the Son; Let us 
make man after our likeness and 
similitude; and let them have domin- 
ion over the beasts of the earth, and 
over the fowls of the air, and the 
fish of the sea. 

13 And when the Lord saw the man 
which he had formed, that behold he 
was very good; he said, Increase and 
multiply, and replenish the earth. 
And this he spake to his son. 

14 I will now show you, how he 
made us a new creature, in the latter 
days. 

15 The Lord saith; Behold I will 
make the last as the first. Wherefore 
the prophet thus spake, Enter into 



the land flowing with milk and 
honey, and have dominion over it. 

16 Wherefore ye see how we are 
again formed anew; as also he speaks 
by another prophet; Behold saith the 
Lord, I will take from them; that is, 
from those whom the spirit of the 
Lord foresaw, their hearts of stone, 
and I will put into them hearts of 
flesh. 

17 Because he was about to be made 
manifest in the flesh and to dwell in 
us. 

18 For, my brethren, the habitation 
of our heart is a holy temple unto 
the Lord. For the prophet saith 
again, In what place shall I appear 
before the Lord my God, and be 
glorified? 

19 He answers I will confess unto 
thee in the congregation in the midst 
of my brethren; and will sing unto 
thee in the church of the saints: 

20 Wherefore we are they whom he 
has brought into that good land. 

21 But what signifies the milk and 
honey? Because as the child is nour- 
ished first with milk, and then with 
honey; so we being kept alive by the 
belief of his promises and his word, 
shall live and have dominion over 
the land. 

22 For he foretold before, saying, 
increase and multiply, and have 
dominion over the beasts, fishes, and 
birds. 

23 But who is there that is now able 
to have this dominion over the wild 
beasts, or fishes, or fowls of the air? 
For you know that to rule, is to have 
power; that a man should be set over 
what he rules. 

24 But forasmuch as this we have 
not now, he tells us when we shall 
have it; namely, when we shall be- 
come perfect, that we may be made 
the inheritors of the covenant of the 
Lord. 



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BARNABAS 



CHAPTER VI. 

The sacrifice of Jesus, and of a goat, an 
evident type of Christ crucified. 

UNDERSTAND then my beloved 
children, that the good God hath be- 
fore manifested all things unto us, 
that we might know to whom we 
ought always to give thanks and 
praise. 

2 If therefore the Son of God who 
is the Lord of all, and shall come to 
judge both the quick and dead, hath 
suffered, that by his stripes we might 
live; let us believe that the Son of 
God could not have suffered but for 
us. But being crucified, they gave 
him vinegar and gall to drink. 

3 Hear therefore how the priests of 
the temple did foreshow this also: 
the Lord by his command which was 
written, declared that whosoever did 
not fast the appointed fast he should 
die the death: because he also was 
himself one day to offer up his body 
for our sins; that so the type of what 
was done in Isaac might be fulfilled, 
who was offered upon the altar. 

4 What therefore is it that he says 
by the prophet? And let them eat of 
the goat which is offered in the day 
of the fast for all their sins. Hearken 
diligently, (my brethren,) and all the 
priests, and they only shall eat the 
inwards not washed with vinegar. 

5 Why so? because I know that 
when I shall hereafter offer my flesh 
for the sins of a new people, ye will 
give me vinegar to drink mixed with 
gall; therefore do ye only eat, the 
people fasting the while, and lament- 
ing in sackcloth and ashes. 

6 And that he might foreshow that 
he was to suffer for them, hear then 
how he appointed it. 

7 Take, says he, two goats, fair and 
alike, and offer them; and let the 
high priest take one of them for a 



burnt offering. And what shalt be 
done with the other? Let it, says he, 
be accursed. 

8 Consider how exactly this appears 
to have been a type of Jesus. And let 
all the congregation spit upon it, and 
prick it; and put the scarlet wool 
about its head; and thus let it be car- 
ried forth into the wilderness. 

9 And this being done, he that was 
appointed to convey the goat, led it 
into the wilderness, and took away 
the scarlet wool, and put it upon a 
thorn bush, whose young sprouts, 
when we find them in the field, we 
are wont to eat: so the fruit of that 
thorn only is sweet. 

10 And to what end was this cere- 
mony? Consider; one was offered 
upon the altar, the other was ac- 
cursed. 

11 And why was that which was ac- 
cursed crowned? Because they shall 
see Christ on that day having a scar- 
let garment about his body; and shall 
say: Is not this he whom we cruci- 
fied; having despised him, pierced 
him, mocked him? Certainly, this is 
he, who then said, that he was the 
Son of God. 

12 As therefore he shall be then like 
to what he was on earth, so were the 
Jews heretofore commanded, to take 
two goats fair and equal; that when 
they shall see (our Saviour) hereafter 
coming (in the clouds of heaven), 
they may be amazed at the likeness 
of the goats. 

13 Wherefore ye here again see a 
type of Jesus who was to suffer for 
us. 

14 But what then signifies this, That 
the wool was to be put into the 
midst of the thorns? 

15 This also is a figure of Jesus, set 
out to the church. For as he who 
would take away the scarlet wool 
must undergo many difficulties, be- 



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BARNABAS 



cause that thorn was very sharp, and 
with difficulty get it: So, says Christ, 
they that will see me, and come to 
my kingdom, must through many af- 
flictions and troubles attain unto me. 

CHAPTER VII. 

The red heifer, another type of Christ. 
BUT what type do ye suppose it to 
have been, where it is commanded to 
the people of Israel, that grown per- 
sons in whom sins are come to per- 
fection, should offer an heifer, and 
after they had killed it should burn 
the same; 

2 But then young men should take 
up the ashes and put them in vessels; 
and tie a piece of scarlet wool and 
hyssop upon a stick, and so the 
young men should sprinkle every one 
of the people, and they should be 
clear from their sins? 

3 Consider how all these are de- 
livered in a figure to us. 

4 This heifer is Jesus Christ; the 
wicked men that were to offer it are 
those sinners who brought him to 
death; who afterwards have no more 
to do with it: for the sinners have no 
more the honour of handling it: 

5 But the young men that performed 
the sprinkling, signified those who 
preach to us the forgiveness of sins, 
and the purification of the heart, to 
whom the Lord gave authority to 
preach his Gospel: being at the be- 
ginning twelve, to signify the tribes, 
because there were twelve tribes of 
Israel. 

6 But why were there three young 
men appointed to sprinkle? To de- 
note Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, 
because they were great before God. 

7 And why was the wool put upon a 
stick? Because the kingdom of Jesus 
was founded upon the cross; and 
therefore they that put their trust in 
him, shall live for ever. 



8 But why was the wool and hyssop 
put together? To signify that in the 
kingdom of Christ there shall be evil 
and filthy days, in which however, we 
shall be saved; and because he that 
has any disease in the flesh by some 
filthy humours, is cured by hyssop. 

9 Wherefore these things being thus 
done, are to us indeed evident, but 
to the Jews they are obscure; because 
they hearkened not unto the voice of 
the Lord. 

CHAPTER VIII. 

Of the circumcision of the ears; and how 
in the first institution of circumcision 
Abraham mystically foretold Christ by 
name. 

AND therefore the Scripture again 
speaks concerning our ears, that God 
has circumcised them, together with 
our hearts. For thus saith the Lord 
by the holy prophet: By the hearing 
of the ear they obeyed me. 

2 And again, They who are afar off, 
shall hear and understand what 
things I have done. And again, Cir- 
cumcise your hearts, saith the Lord. 

3 And again be saith, Hear O Israel! 
For thus saith the Lord thy God. 
And again the Spirit of God proph- 
esieth, saying: Who is there that 
would live for ever, let him hear the 
voice of my Son. 

4 And again, Hear, O Heavens, and 
give ear O Earth! Because the Lord 
has spoken these things for a wit- 
ness. 

5 And again, he saith, Hear the 
word of the Lord, ye princes of the 
people. And again, Hear O children! 
The voice of one crying in the wil- 
derness. 

6 Wherefore he has circumcised our 
ears, that we should hear his word, 
and believe. But as for that circum- 
cision, in which the Jews trust, it is 
abolished: for the circumcision of 



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BARNABAS 



which God spake, was not of the 
flesh. 

7 But they have transgressed his 
commands, because the evil one hath 
deceived them. For thus God be- 
speaks them; Thus saith the Lord 
your God, (Here I find the new law) 
Sow not among thorns; but circum- 
cise yourselves to the Lord your 
God. And what doth he mean by this 
saying? Hearken unto your Lord. 

8 And again he saith, Circumcise the 
hardness of your heart, and harden 
not your neck. And again, Behold, 
saith the Lord, all the nations are 
uncircumcised, (they have not lost 
their fore-skin): but this people is 
uncircumcised in heart. 

9 But you will say the Jews were cir- 
cumcised for a sign. And so are all 
the Syrians and Arabians, and all the 
idolatrous priests: but are they there- 
fore of the covenant of Israel? And 
even the Egyptians themselves are 
circumcised. 

10 Understand therefore, children, 
these things more fully, that Abra- 
ham was the first, that brought in 
circumcision, looking forward in the 
Spirit, to Jesus; circumcised, having 
received the mystery of three letters. 

11 For the Scripture says that Abra- 
ham circumcised three hundred and 
eighteen men of his house. But what 
therefore was the mystery that was 
made known unto him! 

12 Mark, first the eighteen, and next 
the three hundred. For the numeral 
letters of ten and eight are T H. And 
these denote Jesus. 

13 And because the cross was that 
by which we were to find grace, 
therefore he adds, three hundred; the 
note of which is T (the figure of his 
cross). Wherefore by two letters he 
signified Jesus, and by the third his 
cross. 

14 He who has put the engrafted 



gift of his doctrine within us, knows 
that I never taught to anyone a more 
certain truth: but I trust that ye are 
worthy of it. 

CHAPTER IX. 

That the commands of Moses concerning 
clean and unclean beasts, were all de- 
signed for a spiritual signification. 
BUT why did Moses say Ye shall not 
eat of the swine, neither the eagle 
nor the hawk; nor the crow; nor any 
fish that has not a scale upon him? — 
I answer that, in the spiritual sense, 
he comprehended three doctrines, 
that were to be gathered from 
thence. 

2 Besides which he says to them in 
the book of Deuteronomy, And I 
will give my statutes unto this 
people. Wherefore it is not the com- 
mand of God that they should not 
eat these things; but Moses in the 
spirit spake unto them. 

3 Now the sow he forbad them to 
eat; meaning thus much: Thou shalt 
not join thyself to such persons as 
are like unto swine, who, whilst they 
live in pleasure, forget their God; 
but when any want pinches them, 
then they know the Lord: as the sow 
when she is full knows not her mas- 
ter, but when she is hungry she 
makes a noise; and being again fed, 
is silent. 

4 Neither, says he, shalt thou eat 
the eagle, nor the hawk, nor the kite, 
nor the crow; that is, thou shalt not 
keep company with such kind of 
men as know not how by their labour 
and sweat to get themselves food; 
but injuriously ravish away the things 
of others, and watch how to lay 
snares for them; when at the same 
time they appear to live in perfect 
innocence. 

3 So these birds alone (seek not 
food for themselves,) but sitting idle, 



9 



BARNABAS 



seek how they may eat of the flesh 
others have provided being destruct- 
ive through their wickedness. 

6 Neither, says he, shalt thou eat 
the lamprey, nor the polypus, nor the 
cuttle-fish; that is thou shalt not be 
like such men, by seeking to con- 
verse with them who are altogether 
wicked and adjudged to death. For so 
those fishes are alone accursed, that 
wallow in the mire, nor swim as oth- 
er fishes, but tumble in the dirt at 
the bottom of the deep. 

7 But, he adds, neither shalt thou 
eat of the hare. To what end? — To 
signify this to us; Thou shalt not be 
an adulterer, nor liken thyself to 
such persons. For the hare every year 
multiplies the places of its concep- 
tion; and as many years as it lives, so 
many it has. 

8 Neither shalt thou eat of the hy- 
ena: that is, again, be not an adulter- 
er, nor a corrupter of others; neither 
be like to such. And wherefore so? — 
Because that creature every year 
changes its kind, which is sometimes 
male and sometimes female. 

9 For which cause also he justly 
hated the weazel; to the end that 
they should not be like such persons 
who with their mouths commit 
wickedness by reason of their un- 
cleanness; nor join themselves with 
those impure women, who with their 
mouths commit wickedness. Because 
that animal conceives with its mouth. 

10 Moses, therefore, speaking as 
concerning meats, delivered indeed 
three great precepts to them in the 
spiritual signification of those com- 
mands. But they according to the de- 
sires of the flesh, understood him as 
if he had only meant it of meats. 

11 And therefore David took aright 
the knowledge of his three-fold 
command, saying in like manner: 

12 Blessed is the man that hath not 



walked in the counsel of the un- 
godly; as the fishes before men- 
tioned in the bottom of the deep, in 
darkness. 

13 Nor stood in the way of sinners, 
as they who seem to fear the Lord, 
but yet sin, as the sow. 

14 And hath not sat in the seat of 
the scorners; as those birds who sit 
and watch that they may devour. 

15 Here you have the law concern- 
ing meat perfectly set forth and ac- 
cording to the true knowledge of it. 

16 But, says Moses, ye shall eat all 
that divideth the hoof, and cheweth 
the cud. Signifying thereby such an 
one as having taken his food, knows 
him that nourisheth him; and resting 
upon him, rejoiceth in him. 

17 And in this he spake well, having 
respect to the commandment. What, 
therefore, is it that he says? — That 
we should hold fast to them that fear 
the Lord; with those who meditate 
on the command of the word which 
they have received, in their heart; 
with those that declare the righteous 
judgments of the Lord, and keep his 
commandments; 

18 In short, with those who know 
that to meditate is a work of pleas- 
ure, and therefore exercise them- 
selves in the word of the Lord. 

19 But why might they eat those 
that clave the hoof? Because the 
righteous liveth in this present 
world; but his expectation is fixed 
upon the other. See, brethren, how 
admirably Moses commanded these 
things. 

20 But how should we thus know all 
this, and understand it? We, there- 
fore, understanding aright the com- 
mandments, speak as the Lord would 
have us. Wherefore he has circum- 
cised our ears and our hearts, that 
we might know these things. 



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BARNABAS 



CHAPTER X. 

baptism and the cross of Christ foretold 
in figures under the law. 

LET us now inquire whether the 
Lord took care to manifest anything 
beforehand concerning water and the 
cross. 

2 Now for the former of these, it is 
written to the people of Israel how 
they shall not receive that baptism 
which brings to forgiveness of sins; 
but shall institute another to them- 
selves that cannot. 

3 For thus saith the prophet: Be as- 
tonished, O Heaven! and let the 
earth tremble at it, because this 
people have done two great and 
wicked things: they have left me, the 
fountain of living water, and have 
digged for themselves broken 
cisterns, that can hold no water. 

4 Is my holy mountain of Zion, a 
desolate wilderness? For ye shall be 
as a young bird when its nest is 
taken away. 

5 And again the prophet saith, I will 
go before thee, and will make plain 
the mountains, and will break the 
gates of brass, and will snap in sun- 
der the bars of iron; and will give 
thee dark, and hidden, and invisible 
treasures, that they may know that I 
am the Lord God. 

6 And again: he shall dwell in the 
high den of the strong rock. And 
then, what follows in the same 
prophet? His water is faithful; ye 
shall see the king with glory, and 
your soul shall learn the fear of the 
Lord. 

7 And again he saith in another 
prophet: He that does these things; I 
shall be like a tree planted by the 
currents of water, which shall give 
its fruit in its season. Its leaf also 
shall not wither, and whatsoever he 
doth it shall prosper. 

8 As for the wicked it is not so with 



them; but they are as the dust which 
the wind scattereth away from the 
face of the earth. 

9 Therefore the ungodly shall not 
stand in the judgment, neither the 
sinners in the council of the right- 
eous. For the Lord knoweth the way 
of the righteous, and the way of the 
ungodly shall perish. 

10 Consider how he has joined both 
the cross and the water together. 

11 For this he saith: Blessed are they 
who put their trust in the cross, and 
descend into the water; for they shall 
have their reward in due time: then, 
saith he, will I give it them. 

12 But as concerning the present 
time, he saith, their leaves shall not 
fall: meaning thereby, that every 
word that shall go out of your 
mouth, shall through faith and char- 
ity be to the conversion and hope of 
many. 

13 In like manner doth another 
prophet speak. And the land of Jac- 
ob was the praise of all the earth; 
magnifying thereby the vessel of his 
spirit. 

14 And what follows? — And there 
was a river running on the right 
hand, and beautiful trees grew up by 
it; and he that shall eat of them shall 
live for ever. The signification of 
which is this that we go down into 
the water full of sins and pollutions, 
but come up again, bringing forth 
fruit; having in our hearts the fear 
and hope which is in Jesus, by the 
spirit. And whosoever shall eat of 
them shall live for ever. 

15 That is, whosoever shall hearken 
to those who call them, and shall be- 
lieve, shall live for ever. 

CHAPTER XL 

The subject continued. 
IN like manner he determines con- 
cerning the cross in another prophet, 



11 



BARNABAS 



saying: And when shall these things 
be fulfilled? 

2 The Lord answers: When the tree 
that is fallen shall rise, and when 
blood shall drop down from the tree. 
Here you have again mention made, 
both of the cross, and of him that 
was to be crucified upon it. 

3 And yet farther he saith by Moses; 
(when Israel was fighting with, and 
beaten by, a strange people; to the 
end that God might put them in 
mind how that for their sins they 
were delivered unto death) yea, the 
holy spirit put it into the heart of 
Moses, to represent both the sign of 
the cross, and of him that was to 
suffer: that so they might know that 
if they did not believe in him, they 
should be overcome for ever. 

4 Moses therefore I piled up armour 
upon armour in the middle of a 
rising ground, and standing up high 
above all of them, stretched forth 
his arms, and so Israel again 
conquered. 

5 But no sooner did he let down his 
hands, but they were again slain. And 
why so? — To the end they might 
know, that except they trust in him 
they cannot be saved. 

6 And in another prophet, he saith, 
I have stretched out my hands all the 
day long to a people disobedient, 
and speaking against my righteous 
way. 

7 And again Moses makes a type of 
Jesus, to show that he was to die, 
and then that he, whom they thought 
to be dead, was to give life to others; 
in the type of those that fell in Is- 
rael. 

8 For God caused all sorts of ser- 
pents to bite them, and they died: 
forasmuch as by a serpent transgres- 
sion began in Eve; that so he might 
convince them that for their trans- 
gressions they shall be delivered into 



the pain of death. 

9 Moses then himself, who had 
commanded them, saying, Ye shall 
not make to yourselves any graven or 
molten image, to be your God yet 
now did so himself, that he might 
represent to them the figure of the 
Lord Jesus. 

10 For he made a brazen serpent, 
and set it up on high, and called the 
people together by a proclamation: 
where being come, they entreated 
Moses that he would make an atone- 
ment for them, and pray that they 
might be healed. 

11 Then Moses spake unto them, 
saying: when any one among you 
shall be bitten, let him come unto 
the serpent that is set upon the pole; 
and let him assuredly trust in him, 
that though he be dead, yet he is 
able to give life, and presently he 
shall be saved; and so they did. See 
therefore how here also you have in 
this the glory of Jesus; and that in 
him and to him are all things. 

12 Again; What says Moses to 
Joshua, the Son of Nun, when he 
gave that name unto him, as being a 
prophet, that all the people might 
hear him alone? Because the father 
did manifest all things concerning 
his son Jesus, in Joshua, the Son of 
Nun; and gave him that name when 
he sent him to spy out the land of 
Canaan, saying; Take a book in thine 
hands, and write what the Lord saith. 
Forasmuch as Jesus the Son of God 
shall in the last days cut off by the 
roots all the house of Amalek, see 
here again Jesus, not the son of man, 
but the Son of God, made manifest 
in a type, and in the flesh. 

13 But because it might hereafter be 
said that Christ was the Son of Dav- 
id; therefore David fearing and well 
knowing the errors of the wicked, 
saith; the Lord said unto my Lord, 



12 



BARNABAS 



sit thou on my right hand until I 
make thine enemies thy footstool. 
14 And again Isaiah speaketh on this 
wise, The Lord said unto Christ my 
Lord, I have laid hold on his right 
hand, that the nations should obey 
before him, and I will break the 
strength of kings. 

15 Behold, how doth David and 
Isaiah call him Lord, and the Son of 
God. 

CHAPTER XII. 

The Promise of God not made to the Jews 
only, but to the Gentiles also, and ful- 
filled to us bj Jesus Christ. 

BUT let us go yet further, and in- 
quire whether this people be the 
heir, or the former; and whether the 
covenant be with us or with them. 

2 And first, as concerning the 
people, hear now what the Scripture 
saith: 

3 Isaac prayed for his wife Rebekah, 
because she was barren; and she con- 
ceived. Afterwards Rebekah went 
forth to inquire of the Lord. 

4 And the Lord said unto her; There 
are two nations in thy womb, and 
two people shall come from thy 
body; and the one shall have power 
over the other, and the greater shall 
serve the lesser. Understand here 
who was Isaac; who Rebekah; and of 
whom it was foretold, this people 
shall be greater than that. 

5 And in another prophecy Jacob 
speaketh more clearly to his son 
Joseph, saying; Behold the Lord hath 
not derived me of seeing thy face, 
bring me thy sons that I may bless 
them. And he brought unto his fath- 
er Manasseh and Ephraim, desiring 
that he should bless Manasseh, be- 
cause he was the elder. 

6 Therefore Joseph brought him to 
the right hand of his father Jacob. 
But Jacob by the spirit foresaw the 



figure of the people that was to 
come. 

7 And what saith the Scripture? And 
Jacob crossed his hands, and put his 
right hand upon Ephraim, his 
second, and the younger son, and 
blessed him. And Joseph said unto 
Jacob; Put thy right hand upon the 
head of Manasseh, for he is my first- 
born son. And Jacob said unto 
Joseph; I know it, my son, I know it; 
but the greater shall serve the lesser; 
though he also shall be blessed. 

8 Ye see of whom he appointed it, 
that they should be the first people, 
and heirs of the covenant. 

9 If therefore God shall have yet 
farther taken notice of this, by Abra- 
ham too; our understanding of it 
will then be perfectly established. 

10 What then saith the Scripture of 
Abraham, when I he believed, and it 
was imputed unto him for righteous- 
ness? Behold I have made thee a 
father of the nations, which without 
circumcision believe in the Lord. 

11 Let us therefore now inquire 
whether God has fulfilled the coven- 
ant, which he sware to our fathers, 
that he would give this people? Yes, 
verily, he gave it; but they were not 
worthy to receive it by reason of 
their sins. 

12 For thus saith the prophet And 
Moses continued fasting in mount 
Sinai, to receive the covenant of the 
Lord with the people, forty days and 
forty nights. 

13 And he received of the Lord two 
tables written with the finger of the 
Lord's hand, in the Spirit. And 
Moses, when he had received them, 
brought them down that he might 
deliver them to the people. 

14 And the Lord said unto Moses; 
Moses, Moses, get thee down quickly, 
for the people which thou brought- 
est out of the land of Egypt have 



13 



BARNABAS 



done wickedly. 

15 And Moses understood that they 
had again set up a molten image: and 
he cast the two tables out of his 
hands; and the tables of the coven- 
ant of the Lord were broken. Moses 
therefore received them, but they 
were not worthy. 

16 Now then learn how we have re- 
ceived them. Moses, being a servant, 
took them; but the Lord himself has 
given them unto us, that we might be 
the people of his inheritance; having 
suffered for us. 

17 He was therefore made manifest; 
that they should fill up the measure 
of their sins, and that we being made 
heirs by him, should receive the cov- 
enant of the Lord Jesus. 

18 And again the prophet saith Be- 
hold, I have set thee for a light unto 
the Gentiles; to be the saviour of all 
the ends of the earth, saith the Lord; 
the God who hath re-deemed thee. 

19 Who for that very end was pre- 
pared, that by his own appearing he 
might redeem our hearts, already de- 
voured by death, and delivered over 
to the irregularity of error, from 
darkness; and establish a covenant 
with us by his word. 

20 For so it is written that the fath- 
er commanded him by delivering us 
from darkness, to prepare unto him- 
self a holy people. 

21 Wherefore the prophet saith I 
the Lord thy God have called thee in 
righteousness, and I will take thee by 
thy hand, and will strengthen thee, 
and give thee for a covenant of the 
people; for a light to the Gentiles. 
To open the eyes of the blind, to 
bring out the prisoners from the 
prison, and them that sit in darkness 
out of the prison house. 

22 Consider, therefore, from 
whence we have been redeemed. And 
again the prophet saith The spirit of 



the Lord is upon me, because he 
hath anointed me: he hath sent me to 
preach glad tidings to the lowly; to 
heal the broken in heart; to preach 
remission to the captives, and give 
sight unto the blind; to proclaim the 
acceptable year of the Lord, and the 
day of restitution; to comfort all 
that mourn. 

CHAPTER XIII. 

That the sabbath of the Jews was but a 
figure of a more glorious sabbath to come, 
and their temple, of the spiritual temples 
of God. 

FURTHERMORE it is written con- 
cerning the sabbath, in the Ten 
Commandments, which God spake in 
the mount Sinai to Moses, face to 
face: Sanctify the sabbath of the 
Lord with pure hands, and with a 
clean heart. 

2 And elsewhere he saith; If thy 
children shall keep my Sabbaths, 
then will I put my mercy upon them. 

3 And even in the beginning of the 
creation he makes mention of the 
sabbath. And God made in six days 
the works of his hands, and he fin- 
ished them on the seventh day; and 
he rested the seventh day, and sanc- 
tified it. 

4 Consider, my children, what that 
signifies, he finished them in six 
days. The meaning of it is this: that 
in six thousand years the Lord God 
will bring all things to an end. 

5 For with him one day is a thou- 
sand years; as himself testifieth, say- 
ing, Behold this day shall be as a 
thousand years. Therefore, children, 
in six days, that is, in six thousand 
years, shall a all things be accom- 
plished. 

6 And what is that he saith, And he 
rested the seventh day he meaneth 
this: that when his Son shall come, 
and abolish the season of the 



14 



BARNABAS 



Wicked One, and judge the ungodly; 
and shall change the sun and the 
moon, and the stars; then he shall 
gloriously rest on that seventh day, 

7 He adds, lastly: Thou shalt sancti- 
fy it with clean hands and a pure 
heart. Wherefore we are greatly de- 
ceived if we imagine that anyone can 
now sanctify that day which God has 
made holy, without having a heart 
pure in all things. 

8 Behold, therefore, he will then 
truly sanctify it with blessed rest, 
when we (having received the right- 
eous promise, when iniquity shall be 
no more, all things being renewed by 
the Lord) shall be able to sanctify it, 
being ourselves first made holy; 

9 Lastly, he saith unto them Your 
new moons and your Sabbaths I can- 
not bear them. Consider what he 
means by it; the Sabbaths, says he, 
which ye now keep are not accept- 
able unto me, but those which I have 
made; when resting from all things I 
shall begin the eight day, that is, the 
beginning of the other world. 

10 For which cause we observe the 
eight day with gladness, in which Je- 
sus rose from the dead; and having 
manifested himself to his disciples, 
ascended into heaven. 

11 It remains yet that I speak to you 
concerning the temple: how those 
miserable men being deceived have 
put their trust in the house, and not 
in God himself who made them, as 
if it were the habitation of God. 

12 For much after the same manner 
as the Gentiles, they consecrated him 
in the temple. 

13 But learn therefore how the Lord 
speaketh, rendering the temple vain: 
Who has measured the heaven with a 
span, and the earth with his hand? Is 
it not I? Thus with the Lord, Heaven 
is my throne, and the earth is my 
footstool. What is the house that ye 



will build me? Or what is the place 
of my rest? Know therefore that all 
their hope is vain. 

14 And again he speaketh after this 
manner: Behold they that destroy 
this temple, even they shall again 
build it up. And so it came to pass; 
for through their wars it is now des- 
troyed by their enemies; and the ser- 
vants of their enemies build it up. 

15 Furthermore it has been made 
manifest, how both the city and the 
temple, and the people of Israel 
should be given up. For the scripture 
saith; And it shall come to pass in 
the last days, that the Lord will de- 
liver up the sheep of his pasture, 
and their fold, and their tower unto 
destruction. And it is come to pass, 
as the Lord hath spoken. 

16 Let us inquire therefore, whether 
there be any temple of God? Yes 
there is: and there where himself de- 
clares that he would both make and 
perfect it. For it is written: And it 
shall be that as soon as the week 
shall be completed, the temple of 
the Lord shall be gloriously built in 
the name of the Lord. 

17 I find therefore that there is a 
temple. But how shall it be built in 
the name of the Lord? I will shew 
you. 

18 Before that we believed in God, 
the habitation of our heart was cor- 
ruptible, and feeble, as a temple 
truly built with hands. 

19 For it was a house full of idol- 
atry, a house of devils; inasmuch as 
there was done in it whatsoever was 
contrary unto God. But it shall be 
built in the name of the Lord. 

20 Consider, how that the temple of 
the Lord shall be very gloriously 
built; and by what means that shall 
be, learn. 

21 Having received remission of our 
sins, and trusting in the name of the 



15 



BARNABAS 



Lord, we are become renewed, being 
again created as it were from the be- 
ginning. Wherefore God truly dwells 
in our house, that is, in us. 

22 But how does he dwell in us? By 
the word of his faith, the calling of 
his promise, the wisdom of his right- 
eous judgments and the commands 
of his doctrine. He himself prophes- 
ies within us, he himself dwelleth in 
us, and openeth to us who were in 
bondage of death the gate of our 
temple, that is, the mouth of wis- 
dom, having given repentance unto 
us; and by this means has brought us 
to be an incorruptible temple. 

23 He therefore that desires to be 
saved looketh not unto the man, but 
unto him that dwelleth in him, and 
speaketh by him; being struck with 
wonder, forasmuch as he never either 
heard him speaking such words out 
of his mouth, nor ever desired to 
hear them. 

24 This is that spiritual temple that 
is built unto the Lord. 

CHAPTER XIV. 

Of the way of light; being a summary of 
what a Christian is to do, that he maybe 
happy for ever. 

AND thus I trust, I have declared to 
you as much, and with as great sim- 
plicity as I could, those, things 
which provide for your salvation, so 
as not to have omitted any thing that 
might be requisite thereunto. 

2 For should I speak farther of the 
things that now are, and of those 
that are to come, you would not yet 
understand them, seeing they lie in 
parables. This therefore shall suffice 
as to these things. 

3 Let us now go on to the other 
kind of knowledge and doctrine. 
There are two ways of doctrine and 
power; the one of light, the other of 
darkness. 



4 But there is a great deal of differ- 
ence between these two ways for 
over one are appointed the angels of 
God, the leaders of the way of light; 
over the other, the angels of Satan. 
And the one is the Lord from ever- 
lasting to everlasting; the other is 
the prince of the time of unright- 
eousness. 

5 Now the way of light is this: If 
any one desires to attain to the place 
that is appointed for him, and will 
hasten thither by his works. And the 
knowledge that has been given to us 
for walking in it, to this effect: Thou 
shalt love him that made thee: thou 
shalt glorify him that hath redeemed 
thee from death. 

6 Thou shalt be simple in heart, and 
rich in the spirit. Thou shalt not 
cleave to those that walk in the way 
of death. Thou shalt hate to do any- 
thing that is not pleasing unto God. 
Thou shalt abhor all dissimulation. 
Thou shalt not neglect any of the 
commands of the Lord. 

7 Thou shalt not exalt thyself, but 
shalt be humble. Then shalt not take 
honour to thyself. Thou shalt not 
enter into any wicked counsel against 
thy neighbour. Thou shalt not be 
over confident in thy heart. 

8 Thou shalt not commit fornica- 
tion, nor adultery. Neither shalt thou 
corrupt thyself with mankind. Thou 
shalt not make use of the word of 
God, to any impurity, 

9 Thou shalt not except any man's 
person, when thou reprovest any 
one's faults. Thou shalt be gentle. 
Thou shalt be quiet. Thou shalt 
tremble at the words which thou hast 
heard. Thou shalt not keep any 
hatred in thy heart against thy broth- 
er. Thou shalt not entertain any 
doubt whether it shall be or not. 

10 Thou shalt not take the name of 
the Lord in vain. Thou shalt love thy 



16 



BARNABAS 



neighbour above thy own soul, 

11 Thou shalt not destroy thy con- 
ceptions, before they are brought 
forth; nor kill them after they are 
born. 

12 Thou shalt not withdraw thy 
hand from thy son, or from thy 
daughter; but shall teach them from 
their youth the fear of the Lord. 

13 Thou shalt not covet thy neigh- 
bour's goods; neither shalt thou be 
an extortioner. Neither shall thy 
heart be joined to proud men; but 
thou shalt be numbered among the 
righteous and the lowly. Whatever 
events shall happen unto thee, thou 
shalt receive them as good. 

14 Thou shalt not be double- 
minded or double-tongued; for a 
double tongue is the snare of death. 
Thou shalt be subject unto the Lord 
and to inferior masters as to the rep- 
resentatives of God, in fear and rev- 
erence. 

15 Thou shalt not be bitter in thy 
commands towards any of thy ser- 
vants that trust in God; lest thou 
chance not to fear him who is over 
both; because he came not to call 
any with respect of persons, but 
whomsoever the spirit had prepared. 

16 Thou shalt communicate to thy 
neighbour of all thou hast; thou 
shalt not call anything thine own: for 
if ye partake of such things as are 
incorruptible, how much more 
should you do it in those that are 
corruptible? 

17 Thou shalt not be forward to 
speak; for the mouth is the snare of 
death. Strive for thy soul with all thy 
might. Reach not out thine hand to 
receive, and withhold it not when 
thou shouldest give. 

18 Thou shalt love, as the apple of 
thine eye, everyone that speaketh 
unto thee the Word of the Lord. Call 
to thy remembrance, day and night, 



the future judgment. 

19 Thou shalt seek out every day, 
the persons of the righteous; and 
both consider and go about to ex- 
hort others by the word, and medit- 
ate how thou mayest save a soul. 

20 Thou shalt also labour with thy 
hands to give to the poor, that thy 
sins may be forgiven thee, Thou 
shalt not deliberate whether thou 
shouldst give; nor having given, mur- 
mur at it. 

21 Give to everyone that asks so 
shalt thou know who is the good re- 
warder of thy gifts. 

22 Keep what thou hast received; 
thou shalt neither add to it nor take 
from it. 

23 Let the wicked be always thy 
aversion. Thou shalt judge with 
righteous judgment. Thou shalt nev- 
er cause divisions; but shalt make 
peace between those that are at vari- 
ance, and bring them together. 

24 Thou shalt confess thy sins; and 
not come to thy prayer with an evil 
conscience. 

25 This is the way of light. 

CHAPTER XV. 
Of the way of darkness; that is, what 
kind of persons shall be for ever cast out 
of the kingdom of God. 

BUT the way of darkness is 
crooked, and full of cursing. For it is 
the way of eternal death, with pun- 
ishment; in which they that walk 
meet those things that destroy their 
own souls. 

2 Such are; idolatry, confidence, 
pride of power, hypocrisy, double- 
mindedness, adultery, murder, 
rapine, pride, transgression, deceit, 
malice, arrogance, witchcraft, covet- 
ousness, and the want of the fear of 
God. 

3 In this, walk those, who are the 
persecutors of them that are good; 



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BARNABAS 



haters of truth; lovers of lies; who 
know not the reward of righteous- 
ness, nor cleave to any thing that is 
good. 

4 Who administer not righteous 
judgment to the widow and orphan; 
who watch for wickedness, and not 
for the fear of the Lord; 

5 From whom gentleness and pa- 
tience are far off: who love vanity, 
and follow after rewards; having no 
compassion upon the poor; nor take 
any pains for such as are heavy laden 
and oppressed. 

6 Ready to evil speaking, not know- 
ing him that made them; murderers 
of children; corrupters of the 
creature of God; that turn away 
from the needy; oppress the afflic- 
ted; are the advocates of the rich, 
but unjust judges of the poor; being 
altogether sinners. 

7 It is therefore fitting that learning 
the just commands of the Lord, 
which we have before mentioned, we 
should walk in them. For he who 
does such things shall be glorified in 
the kingdom of God. 

8 But he that chooses the other 
part, shall be destroyed, together 
with his works. For this cause there 
shall be both a resurrection, and a 
retribution. 

9 I beseech those that are in high 
estate among you, (if so be you will 
take the counsel which with a good 
intention I offer to you,) you have 
those with you towards whom you 
may do good; do not forsake them. 

10 For the day is at hand in which 
all things shall be destroyed, togeth- 
er with the wicked one. The Lord is 
near, and his reward is with him. 

11 I beseech you, therefore, again, 
and again, Be as good lawgiver's to 
one another; continue faithful coun- 
sellors do each other remove from 
among you all hypocrisy. 



12 And may God, the Lord of all 
the world, give you wisdom, know- 
ledge, counsel, and understanding of 
his judgments in patience: 

13 Be ye taught of God; seeking 
what it is the Lord requires of you, 
and doing it; that ye may be saved in 
the day of judgment. 

14 And if there be among you any 
remembrance of what is good, think 
of me; meditating on these things, 
that both my desire and my watching 
for you may turn to a good account. 

15 I beseech you; I ask it as a favour 
of you; whilst you are in this beauti- 
ful tabernacle of the body, be want- 
ing in none of these things; but 
without ceasing seek them, and fulfil 
every command, For these things are 
fitting and worthy to be done. 

16 Wherefore I have given the more 
diligence to write unto you according 
to my ability, that you might rejoice. 
Farewell, children of love and peace. 

17 The Lord of glory and of all 
grace, be with your spirit, Amen. 

The end of the Epistle of Barnabas the 
Apostle, and fellow-traveller of St. Paul 
the Apostle. 



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